The IPC has two broad research goals:
(1) to design, implement, and evaluate innovative interventions in the field, and
(2) to address the significant gap in the translation of evidence based interventions into practical community based programs and policy.
Current Research Studies
The Efficacy of a Newborn Car Seat Training
Child restraint systems (CRS) that are used correctly have been estimated to be 67% effective in preventing injury that require hospitalization and 71% effective in preventing fatal injury attributable to car crashes. Unfortunately, CRS misuse ranges from 60 to 84% and this substantially reduces their effectiveness in preventing fatalities and serious injury. This study will determine the impact of a car safety seat education and training program for nurses, parents, and caregivers on reducing the high rate of car seat misuse among newborns discharged from the hospital. Campbell (PI), Rogers. Gallo, Saleheen. Funder: Hartford Hospital, 5/10-12/11
Connecticut Injury Surveillance System
We collect and maintain several large computerized databases to describe
the epidemiology of injury among Connecticut residents. The data
include: Connecticut death certificates (1996-2010), all ages, all
causes; Connecticut Hospital Discharge Data (1990-2006, persons <20
years, all causes, 2006- 2010 all ages all causes); Connecticut Hospital
Emergency Department Visits (1995-2006, persons <20 years, all
causes, 2006-2010, all ages, all causes), Connecticut Motor Vehicle
Crash File (1999-2010). Our geographic information system (GIS) allows
us to spatially analyze and map fatal and non-fatal injuries at the
county, town, census tract, census block, or street address level. Our
GIS system also allows us to integrate and correlate injury data with
other geographic, census, and economic data. Injury surveillance
information disseminated broadly via newsletters, fact sheets and
internet web site. Lapidus (PI), Campbell , Rogers, Borrup, Gallo,
The Mature Driver Safety Study
A randomized controlled trial to determine the efficacy of a community-based screening and referral initiative using AAA’s Roadwise Review
Motor vehicle crashes among mature drivers age 65 and older is an important traffic safety and public health issue. Accurately assessing declines in driving abilities and relating them to increased crash risk has been a goal of traffic safety professionals for many years. This study will determine the referral compliance rate and self-reported changes in driving behavior (e.g., reduction in night time, bad weather, or high volume roads driving) among mature drivers who complete AAA’s Roadwise Review (RWR) screening, compared to a group who receive driver educational materials and are delayed screening for one month. Lapidus (PI), Fortin-McCue, Saleheen, Borrup, Chaudhary. Funders: Connecticut Department of Transportation, and Jefferson House. 10/11 – 9/12.
Correlates of Drug Driving Among College Students
We will conduct a study of 450 undergraduate students attending the University of Connecticut, Storrs during the 2010-2011 academic year. Data will be obtained from a written survey distributed to students in selected classes which satisfy certain general education requirements to graduate. Survey data will include demographics, college status (year, major, GPA), housing information (on vs. off campus housing), and lifestyle information such as number of roommates, involvement in Greek life or athletics, employment status, and amount of time spent in various activities (studying, socializing, watching TV). We will also collect information about risky behaviors such as (smoking, sex partners), history of drug use in high school, attitudes towards drug use and driving, and drug use and driving behaviors. Descriptive statistics will be calculated for all variables. We will use SPSS version 12.0 to fit the logistic model. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) will be calculated to determine which variables are correlated with drug driving. Lapidus (PI), Kohn, Borrup, Saleheen.
Drowning Deaths in Connecticut: Epidemiology and Prevention
This study will describe risk factors, demographics, and populations at increased risk of drowning in order to guide prevention efforts. We will conduct a systematic review of case files for all deaths in Connecticut classified as drowning by the Office of the Chief Medical Examiner (OCME) from January 2005 through October 2010. Cases were classified by age (adult > 18 yrs, pediatric <17 yrs). Variables evaluated included age, gender, ethnicity, drowning location, distance from victim’s residence, pool versus natural bodies of water, and drug use. ArcGIS was used to create a variation of flow map to determine geographic characteristics of drowning including distance from residence and water type. Borrup (PI), Thomas, Brock-Gallo, Rogers, Bentley, Saleheen, Lapidus, Campbell.
Research Related Service
IPC faculty serve as peer-reviewers for scientific journals including: Injury Prevention, Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Archives for Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, Pediatrics, Ambulatory Pediatrics, and Pediatric Emergency Care.
We also serve as peer-reviewers for research and program grants including U. S. Health and Human Services (Emergency Medical Services for Children), and the Health Research Council of New Zealand.