Re' O. 2-Dimethylaminoethanol (deanol): a brief review of its clinical efficacy and postulated mechanism of action.
Curr Ther Res Clin Exp. 1974;16:1238-1242.
Knobel M. Approach to a combined pharmacologic therapy of childhood hyperkinesis.
Behav Neuropsychiatry. 1974-1975;6:87-90.
Richardson AJ, Puri BK. A randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled study of the effects of supplementation with highly unsaturated fatty acids on ADHD-related symptoms in children with specific learning difficulties.
Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. 2002;26:233-239.
Kleijnen J, Knipschild P. Niacin and vitamin B
in mental functioning: a review of controlled trials in humans.
Carter CM, Urbanowicz M, Hemsley R, et al. Effects of a few food diet in attention deficit disorder.
Arch Dis Child. 1993;69:564-568.
Egger J, Carter CM, Graham PJ, et al. Controlled trial of oligoantigenic treatment in the hyperkinetic syndrome.
Egger J, Stolla A, McEwen LM. Controlled trial of hyposensitisation in children with food-induced hyperkinetic syndrome.
Rapp DJ. Does diet affect hyperactivity?
J Learn Disabil. 1978;11:383-389.
Rapp DJ. Food allergy treatment for hyperkinesis.
J Learn Disabil. 1979;12:608-616.
Rippere V. Food additives and hyperactive children: a critique of Conners.
Br J Clin Psychol. 1983;22:19-32.
Rippere V. Placebo-controlled tests of chemical food additives: are they valid?
Med Hypotheses. 1981;7:819-823.
Boris M, Mandel FS. Foods and additives are common causes of the attention deficit hyperactive disorder in children.
Ann Allergy. 1994;72:462-468.
Schoenthaler SJ, Crook WG, Brenner A, et al. Sugar and children's behavior [letters].
N Engl J Med. 1994;330:1901-1904.
Weiss B. Food additives and environmental chemicals as sources of childhood behavior disorders.
J Am Acad Child Psychiatry. 1982;21:144-152.
Weiss B, Williams JH, Margen S, et al. Behavioral responses to artificial food colors.
Wolraich ML, Wilson DB, White JW. The effect of sugar on behavior or cognition in children. A meta-analysis.
Schmidt MH, Mocks P, Lay B, et al. Does oligoantigenic diet influence hyperactive/conduct-disordered children—a controlled trial.
Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry.
Breakey J. The role of diet and behaviour in childhood.
J Paediatr Child Health.
Krummel DA, Seligson FH, Guthrie HA. Hyperactivity: is candy causal?
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr.
Voigt RG, Llorente AM, Jensen CL, et al. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of docosahexaenoic acid supplementation in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
Aman MG, Mitchell EA, Turbott SH. The effects of essential fatty acid supplementation by Efamol in hyperactive children.
J Abnorm Child Psychol.
Arnold LE, Kleykamp D, Votolato NA, et al. Gamma-linolenic acid for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: placebo-controlled comparison to D-amphetamine.
Van Oudheusden L, Scholte H. Efficacy of carnitine in the treatment of children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.
Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. 2002;67:33.
Starobrat-Hermelin B, Kozielec T. The effects of magnesium physiological supplementation on hyperactivity in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Positive response to magnesium oral loading test.
Magnes Res. 1997;10:149-156.
Field TM, Quintino O, Hernandez-Reif M, et al. Adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder benefit from massage therapy.
Bilici M, Yildirim F, Kandil S, et al. Double-blind, placebo-controlled study of zinc sulfate in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. 2004;28:181-190.
Akhondzadeh S, Mohammadi MR, Khademi M. Zinc sulfate as an adjunct to methylphenidate for the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children: A double blind and randomized trial [ISRCTN64132371].
BMC Psychiatry. 2004 Apr 8. [Epub ahead of print]
Arnold LE, Pinkham SM, Votolato N. Does zinc moderate essential fatty acid and amphetamine treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivifty disorder?
J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol. 2000;10:111-117
Stevens L, Zhang W, Peck L, et al. EFA supplementation in children with inattention, hyperactivity, and other disruptive behaviors.
Lyon MR, Cline JC, Totosy de Zepetnek J, et al. Effect of the herbal extract combination Panax quinquefolium and Ginkgo biloba on attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: a pilot study.
J Psychiatry Neurosci. 2001;26:221-228.
Schab DW, Trinh NH. Do artificial food colors promote hyperactivity in children with hyperactive syndromes? A meta-analysis of double-blind placebo-controlled trials.
J Dev Behav Pediatr. 2004;25:423-434.
Pintov S, Hochman M, Livne A, et al. Bach flower remedies used for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children-A prospective double blind controlled study.
Eur J Paediatr Neurol. 2005 Oct 26. [Epub ahead of print]
Weiss M, Wasdell M, Bomben M, et al. Sleep Hygiene and Melatonin Treatment for Children and Adolescents With ADHD and Initial Insomnia.
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2006 Mar 10. [Epub ahead of print]
Van der Heijden KB, Smits MG, Van Someren EJ, et al. Effect of melatonin on sleep, behavior, and cognition in ADHD and chronic sleep-onset insomnia.
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2007;46:233-241.
McCann D, Barrett A, Cooper A, et al. Food additives and hyperactive behaviour in 3-year-old and 8/9-year-old children in the community: a randomised, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial.
2007 Sep 5. [Epub ahead of print]
Weber W, Vander Stoep A, McCarty RL, et al. Hypericum perforatum (St John's wort) for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children and adolescents: a randomized controlled trial.
Johnson M, Ostlund S, Fransson G, Kadesjö B, Gillberg C. Omega-3/omega-6 fatty acids for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a randomized placebo-controlled trial in children and adolescents.
J Atten Disord.
Bloch MH, Qawasmi A. Omega-3 fatty acid supplementation for the treatment of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptomatology: systematic review and meta-analysis.
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry.
Nigg JT, Lewis K, Edinger T, Falk M. Meta-analysis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms, restriction diet, and synthetic food color additives.
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry.
Lyon MR, Kapoor MP, Juneja LR. The effects of L-theanine (Suntheanine) on objective sleep quality in boys with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial.
Altern Med Rev.
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.