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The purpose of screening is early diagnosis and treatment. Screening tests are usually administered to people without current symptoms, but who may be at high risk for certain diseases or conditions.

Screening Tests

Screening is not done specifically for arrhythmias, since they are just one manifestation of heart disease. Instead, your annual physical should provide a screening for heart disease. The screening involves measuring your blood pressure and cholesterol levels, listening to your heart and lungs, and asking questions about your lifestyle habits, such as eating, smoking, exercise, and drinking alcohol.

Depending on the outcome of this screening, your doctor may decide to do an electrocardiogram (EKG). The EKG records the heart’s activity by measuring electrical currents through the heart muscle. It can detect damaged areas of heart muscle or an arrhythmia that is occurring at the time of the test.

Screening Guidelines

There are no screening guidelines specifically for arrhythmias. However, if you are over the age of 50 and have a history of heart disease, it is recommended that you have an annual check-up, which should include an evaluation of your heart health.

References:

Ferri F, ed. Ferri’s Clinical Advisor 2010. 1st ed. Philadelphia: Mosby Elsevier, 2009.

Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Textbook of Internal Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia: Saunders, 2008.

Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. 14th ed. McGraw-Hill; 1998.

Kroenke, K, Arrington, ME, Mangelsdorff, AD. The prevalence of symptoms in medical outpatients and the adequacy of therapy. Arch Intern Med. 1990;150:1685.

Libby P, et al. Braunwald’s Heart Disease.8th ed. Philadelphia: Saunders, 2007.

Mayou R, Sprigings D, Birkhead J, Price J. Characteristics of patients presenting to a cardiac clinic with palpitation. QJM. 2003;96:115.

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/.

Noble J. Textbook of Primary Care Medicine. 3rd ed.

Rakel R. Textbook of Family Medicine 2007. 7th ed. Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier, 2009.

Rakel RE, Bope ET. Conn's Current Therapy. 60th ed. Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier, 2009.

Last reviewed September 2012 by Michael J. Fucci, DO

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.


 
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